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Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry. It deals with the diagnosis of the oral cavity and the treatment of teeth. The main goal of orthodontic treatment is to achieve a proper bite and alignment of the teeth. An incorrect bite can lead to many problems, such as joint pain in the jaw, problems with speaking, chewing and eating, and aesthetic problems caused by misaligned teeth. Orthodontics can be performed on both children and adults, and different methods are used to correct the bite and align the teeth. For example, these can include braces, teeth aligners, jaw expansion devices, and more.

Several basic diagnostic methods are used in orthodontics. Clinical diagnosis includes a history, oral examination and other diagnostics that do not require specialized equipment or expensive treatment methods.

The paraclinical diagnosis is performed after the clinical examination is completed in order to make a final diagnosis.

We can distinguish several methods of treatment in orthodontics: hardware, surgery, and functional method. There is also a mixed method called the appliance-surgical method.

Treatment consists of 2 stages: active and retentive. During the active stage, the direct removal of the anomaly is performed. In the retention stage, the result is consolidated in order to ensure a stable remission after the removal of the appliance.

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